Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site

Pointe-à-la-Croix, Quebec

The Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site of Canada commemorates the last naval battle fought between Britain and France for control of North America. After several defeats and inconclusive campaigns in the 1750s, Britain began mobilizing to crush New France once and for all. They concentrated their efforts on the Atlantic Coast after the defeat at Carillon. To defeat France, Britain assembled 150 ships and 28,000 men, greatly outnumbering the French forces. One by one, French strongholds collapsed: Louisbourg in 1758 and Quebec in 1759, among others. By 1760, the colonists of New France were growing desperate. In April of that year, five merchant ships and one frigate, The Machault, set sail from Bordeaux in a last ditch effort to relieve France's colonies in Canada. The flotilla was scattered by the British blockade of France and two ships were captured. A third ran aground off the Azores, but two merchant ships and The Machault reached the Gulf of St. Lawrence by May. They dropped anchor in the Restigouche estuary in order to avoid the British ships which had arrived first. However, Britain despatched five more warships from Louisbourg. The Machault barricaded itself behind sunken ships, but by the end of June, the British ships had passed the French defenses. The Battle of the Restigouche lasted several days, with reversals on both sides, but in the end, the French commander, who was badly outnumbered, bowed to the inevitable and surrendered. The Machault was scuttled, along with one merchant ship, in order to prevent the British from taking their supplies. This defeat meant that the French colonies were without the supplies and reinforcements they so desperately needed. Montreal surrendered in September and the other French garrisons soon followed. New France was finished.

Route 132
Pointe-à-la-Croix, Quebec G0C 1L0
(418) 788-5676 or toll free 1-888-773-8888
(418) 788-5895

Hours of Operation

Open daily, June 4 through October 9, 9:00a.m. to 5:00p.m. Open by appointment only during off-season.

Battle of the Restigouche National Historic Site of Canada
Quebec Ministry of Tourism
Visitor Experiences

Battle Field
Group Tours
Park/Recreation Area